Recently, Sudan has witnessed a significant escalation in violence against civilians perpetrated by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). Reports from the United Nations and human rights organizations indicate that the RSF has committed a wide range of crimes, including the killing of thousands of civilians, displacement of millions, and looting of property. The military operations have expanded to include various regions such as the capital Khartoum, Kordofan states, and Darfur.

Since the conflict began in April 2023, there have been documented indiscriminate attacks on populated areas, resulting in numerous civilian casualties. In one incident in September 2023, shelling of a market in Omdurman by the RSF led to the deaths of at least 10 civilians. In Darfur, the attacks have been notably ethnically motivated, with RSF and allied militias targeting African communities such as the Masalit, resulting in thousands of deaths and the creation of mass graves in areas like Morni and Ardamata.

Reports also highlight a concerning rise in sexual violence, including rape and gang rape, with many of these crimes committed by RSF members against women and children. At least 118 cases of sexual violence were documented between April and December 2023, mostly occurring in homes and on the streets.

The conflict has displaced over 8 million people both within and outside Sudan, with refugees fleeing to neighboring countries like Chad and Ethiopia. The humanitarian situation has deteriorated significantly, with a growing need for food and medical assistance. Despite efforts by aid organizations to expand their operations, humanitarian workers face severe risks due to direct targeting.

International efforts continue to press for an immediate ceasefire and the resumption of political negotiations to restore civilian governance in Sudan. However, the ongoing conflict complicates the humanitarian and security situation, necessitating urgent actions to ensure the protection of civilians and the provision of necessary aid​ (OHCHR)​​ (UN Press)​​ (OHCHR)​.

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